- 1 Royal Commissions
- 2 Career
- 3 Thomas Berger — «бренд-оборотень»
- 4 Полный спектр одежды и аксессуаров
- 5 Further reading and critical studies
- 6 Works
- 7 Biography
- 8 References
- 9 Significance and impact
- 10 Adaptations
- 11 Итоги
Justice Berger chaired a Royal Commission on Family and Children’s Law from 1973 to 1975. He was commissioner of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline from 1974 to 1977. From 1979 to 1980 he chaired his third Royal Commission on Indian and Inuit healthcare. In 1978, Indian bands and organizations such as the Union of B.C. Chiefs, the Native Brotherhood and United Native Nations, engaged in intense lobbying for Indians to control delivery of health services in their own communities and for the repeal of restrictive service «guidelines introduced in September 1978, to correct abuses in health delivery, and to deal with the environmental health hazards of mercury and fluoride pollution affecting particular communities.» In September, 1979, David Crombie, a liberal-minded reformer, as Minister of Health and Welfare under the Conservative government Prime Minister Joe Clark, issued a statement representing «current Federal Government practice and policy in the field of Indian health.» Crombie declared that the «Federal Government is committed to joining with Indian representatives in a fundamental review of issues involved in Indian health when Indian representatives have developed their position, and the policy emerging from that review could supersede this policy». Crombie appointed Doctor Gary Goldthorpe, as commissioner of the federal inquiry (known as the Goldthorpe Inquiry) into «alleged abuses in medical care delivery at Alert Bay, British Columbia.» In 1980 Justice Berger, who headed his third royal commission dealing with Indian and Inuit healthcare, recommended to Crombie «that there be greater consultation with Indians and Inuit regarding the delivery of healthcare programs and that an annual sum of $950,000 was allocated for distribution by the National Indian Brotherhood to develop health consultation structures within the national Indian community.» Crombie’s successor as Liberal Minister of Health and Welfare, Monique Begin, adopted Berger’s recommendations, ushering in the beginning of a change in the way in which health delivery.
In 1989, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. He is a member of the Order of British Columbia. As of 2006 he sits on the advisory council of the Order of Canada, which researches the merits of future members of the Order and advises the Governor General of Canada on new appointments. He is an honorary member of the Royal Military College of Canada, student #S153. In 2012, he was awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
Thomas R. Berger was elected at the age of 29 to the House of Commons in the 1962 election, representing the riding of Vancouver—Burrard for the New Democratic Party. However, in the 1963 election, he was defeated by Liberal opponent Ron Basford.
He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia in the 1966 BC election. Described as a «Young Turk» and «young man in a hurry,» Berger challenged long-time BC CCF/NDP leader Robert Strachan for the party leadership in 1967. Strachan defeated Berger but, sensing the winds of change, resigned in 1969. Berger defeated another young MLA, Dave Barrett to win the leadership convention and was widely expected to lead the NDP to its first ever general election victory. Social Credit Premier W.A.C. Bennett called an early snap election and, instead of victory, Berger’s NDP lost four seats. He quickly resigned and was succeeded by Dave Barrett.
Appointed to the Supreme Court of British Columbia in 1972, he served on the bench until 1983. Berger focused extensively on ensuring that industrial development on Aboriginal people’s land resulted in benefits to those indigenous people. He may be best known for his work as the Royal Commissioner of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry which released its findings 9 May 1977.
In 1981 when Canada was debating the merits of a diversity of provisions in the proposed Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Berger wrote an open letter to the Globe and Mail newspaper asserting that the rights of Aboriginal Canadians and women needed to be included in any proposed charter. In 1983 he was reprimanded by the Canadian Judicial Council for this activism, even though his comments «did not related to any existing statute or court decision». Shortly thereafter he chose to resign as a judge and returned to practice as a lawyer. Berger’s expertise and reputation for thorough and independent assessment were immediately seen as an asset for indigenous communities. He was invited by the Inuit Circumpolar Conference to lead the Alaska Native Review Commission (1983-1985) which culminated in the publication of «Village Journey (1985)».
Berger was appointed chair of the Vancouver Election Commission in 2003, and led several public meetings on electoral reform in the early months of 2004. The Commission recommended changing Vancouver’s at-large system of representation with individual wards; however, this recommendation was defeated in a referendum held on October 16, 2004.
Appointed in 2005 as Conciliator to resolve the impasse of the Government of Canada, Government of Nunavut and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated in reaching a common way forward for the Nunavut Land Claims Implementation Contract, Berger completed «The Nunavut Project» in 2006. His report addresses the fundamental changes needed to implement Article 23 (Inuit Employment within Government) of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, including the need for a strong indigenous education system.
Thomas Berger — «бренд-оборотень»
А теперь подробнее. Thomas Berger — одна из тех марок одежды, которые на российском рынке люди привыкли называть «брендами-оборотнями». То есть их создатели добиваются иллюзии у покупателя о западном происхождении. Временами даже о премиальности.
Делятся такие бренды на два типа. Первый не скрывает своего российского происхождения. Продукция такая отличается умеренными ценами и довольно неплохим качеством. Владельцы второй категории, как правило, сочиняют довольно серьёзные легенды о зарубежном производстве. Стоят такие вещи обычно недёшево. А вот качество вовсе не радует.
Представленный на современном рынке Thomas Berger — один из брендов, относящихся к первой категории. На самом деле в Европе о данной марке не знают. У неё отсутствует даже оригинальный сайт, есть лишь русский. Изготавливают такие вещи в основном в Турции. Качество их достаточно неплохое, но премиальным назвать его сложно.
Полный спектр одежды и аксессуаров
В принципе, данный бренд даёт возможность мужчине приобрести всё, что ему необходимо. Деловые классические костюмы, пальто, плащи, пиджаки и туфли Thomas Berger. Кроме того, бренд предлагает и современную повседневную одежду. А также коллекции представляют головные уборы, сорочки, брюки и т. д.
Главное отличие коллекций в дани традициям в сочетании с последними модными тенденциями. Пополнять гардероб продукцией данного бренда можно просто бесконечно. Костюмы из одних коллекций, к примеру, прекрасно сочетаются с аксессуарами и сорочками из других. Все они являются «сквозными», позволяющими сочетать и комбинировать изделия даже из разных сезонов. Неизменным остаётся лишь стиль. Одежда придаёт своему хозяину индивидуальность и мужественность, подчёркивает жёсткие линии.
Немалое внимание дизайнерами уделяется следующим материалам: натуральному меху, замше, коже, текстилю, высокотехнологичным тканям с добавлением металлических волокон. Различные материалы и фактуры, используемые производителем, дают возможность этой марке быть среди представителей сильного пола весьма востребованной
Further reading and critical studies
- Landon, Brooks. «A Secret Too Good to Keep» and «Thomas Berger: Dedicated to the Novel,» World & I, October 2003.
- Landon, Brooks. «The Radical Americanist,» The Nation, August 20, 1977.
- Landon, Brooks. Understanding Thomas Berger, University of South Carolina Press, 2009.
- Lethem, Jonathan. «Ambivalent Usurpations,» in The Ecstasy of Influence, Doubleday, 2011.
- Lethem, Jonathan. «Fan Mail,» The New York Times Book Review, April 8, 2012.
- Malone, Michael. «American Literature’s Little Big Man,» The Nation, May 3, 1980.
- Ruud, Jay. «Thomas Berger’s Arthur Rex: Galahad and Earthly Power,» Critique, Winter 1984.
- Schickel, Richard. «Bitter Comedy,» Commentary, July 1970.
- Schickel, Richard. «Interviewing Thomas Berger,» The New York Times Book Review, April 6, 1980.
- Trachtenberg, Stanley. «Berger and Barth: the Comedy of ‘Decomposition’,» in Comic Relief, University of Illinois Press, 1978. Edited by Sarah B. Cohen.
- Turner, Frederick. «Melville and Thomas Berger: The Novelist as Cultural Anthropologist,» Centennial Review, Winter 1969.
- Turner, Frederick. «The Second Decade of ‘Little Big Man’,» The Nation, August 20, 1977.
- Ward, Andrew. «Little Big Man’s Man,» interview in American Heritage, May/June 1999.
- Granted Wishes: Three Stories (1984)
- Previously uncollected short stories have appeared in magazines such as American Review, Gentleman’s Quarterly, Saturday Evening Post, Playboy, and Harper’s.
- Abnormal Occurrences: Short Stories (e-book published March 2013)
- Other People (1970)
- Rex, Rita, and Roger (1970)
- The Siamese Twins (1971)
- At the Dentist’s (radio play) (1981)
- The Burglars (1988)
Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Thomas Berger grew up in the nearby community of Lockland. He interrupted his college career to enlist in the United States Army in 1943. Berger served in Europe, and was stationed with a medical unit in the first U.S. Occupation Forces in Berlin, experiences which later provided him with background for his first novel, Crazy in Berlin, published in 1958. On his return, he studied at the University of Cincinnati, receiving a B.A. in 1948. He then pursued graduate work in English at Columbia University, leaving his thesis unfinished to enroll in the writers workshop at the New School for Social Research. Here Berger met and married an artist, Jeanne Redpath, in 1950. He supported himself during this time by working as a librarian at the Rand School of Social Science, and was briefly on staff at the New York Times Index. Berger later became a copy editor at Popular Science Monthly, and performed free-lance editing during the early years of his writing career.
Eventually, Berger was able to devote himself to writing full-time, particularly after the notoriety gained by his third book, Little Big Man, in 1964. Although he would occasionally put his hand to a short story, a play, or non-fiction article (including a stint as film critic for Esquire), Berger preferred the long narrative form of the novel, and produced a steady run of critically acclaimed books throughout his career. In 1984 his book The Feud was nominated by the Pulitzer committee for fiction for the Pulitzer Prize, but the Pulitzer board overrode their recommendation and instead chose William Kennedy’s Ironweed.
In 1974, Berger was a writer in residence at the University of Kansas, and a Distinguished Visiting Professor at Southampton College, in 1975–76. He lectured at Yale University in 1981 and 1982, and was a Regents’ Lecturer at the University of California, Davis, in 1982. A collection of his papers is available at the Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University.
Berger resided in New York City from 1948 to 1953, and lived the next twelve years in a town on the Hudson River. In subsequent years, he lived in London, Malibu, California, New York City again, Long Island, and then Mount Desert Island in Maine, before once more returning to the banks of the Hudson. He died on July 13, 2014, seven days before his 90th birthday.
- Berger, Thomas R. (1980), Report of Advisory Commission on Indian and Inuit Health Consultation
- Berger, Thomas R. Fragile freedoms: human rights and dissent in Canada. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1982.
- Berger, Thomas R. “My Idea of Canada.” Speech presented to 2005 Annual Meeting of Citizens for Public Justice, Vancouver: June 2, 2005.
- Berger, Thomas R. Northern frontier, northern homeland : the report of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1988.
- Berger, Thomas R. (2002), One Man’s Justice: A Life in the Law, Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre
- Government of British Columbia. Reports Royal Commission on Family and Children’s Law. Toronto: Micromedia Ltd., .
- Swayze, Carolyn. Hard choices: a life of Tom Berger. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1987.
Significance and impact
Intellectual legacy regarding indigenous rights
Thomas Berger would contend that the reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples could be facilitated by the Canadian judicial system. In his discussion of Berger’s life, Swayze asserts that Berger “believes, and believes passionately, in the integrity of Canada’s system of equitable justice and its attendant jurisprudence.” Throughout his career, Berger dedicated his life to law and to politics. He is recognized for his work on the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry and the subsequent publication of The Berger Report. As Commissioner, Berger recommended that, “on environmental grounds, no pipeline be built and no energy corridor be established across the Northern Yukon” and that any pipeline construction be postponed until native claims could be settled. Despite his belief in the judicial system, Berger acknowledged that there were certain issues that could be dealt with outside of the courts. For instance, as Commissioner for the Royal Commission on Family Law, he stated: “The philosophy inherent in all thirteen of the commission’s reports is that legal sanctions should, in many cases, be a last resort, and to this end recommendations focused on the effective use of human rather than legislated solutions.”
One of Berger’s intellectual contributions is the idea that Canada’s relationship with Indigenous people can serve to strengthen the country instead of weakening it. For Berger, Canada is divided into two parts: Indigenous nations and everyone else. In his speech entitled, “My Idea of Canada,” he states: “I think diversity has become the essence of the Canadian experience and it is our strength. It’s not a weakness. We’re not addicted to bogus patriotism. We believe in diversity. We believe in being a good citizen of the world.” The plurality of the Canadian nation, Berger notes, sometimes makes Canada a difficult country to govern, however, he suggests that Canada “could be the prototype nation state of the 21st century in which a citizen’s identity does not have to be authenticated by a spurious nationalism.” In Fragile Freedoms, Berger calls for attention to be paid not only to the problems facing the developing world, but also to those nations within Canada that are suffering. Berger states that he believes “in the uses of democratic institutions … the means to the dispersal of political and economic power. will be strengthened by the Constitution and Charter which offer those who are under attack a place to stand, ground to defend, and the means for others to come to their aid.” Berger’s intellectual treatment of the legal system and its applications have enhanced the concepts of equality and rights for Indigenous people under Canadian law.
Berger may be best known for Little Big Man, the movie made from his 1964 novel. Released in 1970, it was directed by Arthur Penn, and starred Dustin Hoffman and Faye Dunaway. Neighbors, with John Belushi, Dan Aykroyd and Cathy Moriarty, was released in 1981. Bill D’Elia produced and directed a film adaptation of The Feud in 1989. A film version of the 1992 novel Meeting Evil, starring Samuel L. Jackson and Luke Wilson, was filmed in 2011, and was released to theaters in the United States in May 2012.
His play Other People was produced at the Berkshire Theatre Festival in 1970. Berger’s radio play At the Dentist’s was broadcast by Vermont Public Radio in 1981.
Итак, какую бы одежду вы ни покупали марки Thomas Berger — куртки, мужские рубашки, деловые костюмы, обувь или аксессуары, внимательно осматривайте её перед тем, как сделать данное приобретение. Это могут быть вполне достойные элементы гардероба. Хотя встречаются также и исключения. Например, после полоскания в воде с жидким средством (даже для стирки деликатных тканей) на воротничках и манжетах рубашек могут появляться так называемые небольшие пузырьки. С глажкой после такого экспериментировать даже не хочется, да и не стоит. В некоторых случаях воротнички остаются ровными, но на них появляются разводы. Одним словом, иногда можно столкнуться с проблемами. Хотя не так уж и часто. В большинстве случаев торговая марка всё же неплохо себя рекомендует.
Вобщем, Thomas Berger является достаточно популярным брендом мужской одежды. Каждый покупатель может без особого труда приобрести именно то, что ему необходимо. Нужно просто не забывать проверять качество приобретаемых изделий. К большому сожалению, оно оправдывает себя не всегда. Однако редкие случаи – далеко не предлог отказывать себе в стильной, модной, привлекательной одежде. Будьте уверены в том, что правильно подобранные вещи ни в коем случае не смогут вас разочаровать. Удачи и приятных покупок!
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